Copper Alloys List

Copper Alloys List

This is a list of copper alloys or alloys in which copper is usually the base metal.

  • Arsenical copper
  • Beryllium copper (beryllium)
  • Billon (silver)
  • Brass (zinc)
  • Calamine brass (zinc)
  • Chinese silver (zinc)
  • Dutch metal (zinc)
  • Gilding metal (zinc)
  • Muntz metal (zinc)
  • Pinchbeck (zinc)
  • Prince's metal (zinc)
  • Tombac (zinc)
  • Bronze (tin, aluminum or any other element)
  • Aluminum bronze (aluminum)
  • Arsenical bronze
  • Bell metal (tin)
  • Florentine bronze (aluminum or tin)
  • Glucydur
  • Guani-n
  • Gunmetal (tin, zinc)
  • Phosphor bronze (tin and phosphorus)
  • Ormolu (Gilt Bronze) (zinc)
  • Speculum metal (tin)
  • Constantan (nickel)
  • Copper-tungsten (tungsten)
  • Corinthian bronze (gold, silver)
  • Cunife (nickel, iron)
  • Cupronickel (nickel)
  • Cymbal alloys (Bell metal) (tin)
  • Devarda's alloy (aluminum, zinc)
  • Electrum (gold, silver)
  • Hepatizon (gold, silver)
  • Heusler alloy (manganese, tin)
  • Manganin (manganese, nickel)
  • Nickel silver (nickel)
  • Nordic gold (aluminum, zinc, tin)
  • Shakudo (gold)
  • Tumbaga (gold)

What Is Latten?

Through the 18th and 19th century, a copper alloy was called latten. Usually, latten referred to brass or bronze. However, sometimes latten referred to a lead alloy, tin plating on iron, or any metal prepared as a thin sheet. For this reason, copper alloys are known by more specific names today.


  • Edge, David, Paddock, John Miles (1996) 1988. Arms and Armour of the Medieval Knight. London: Saturn Books.
  • Erik Oberg, Franklin D. Jones and Holbrook L. Horton (1992). Machinery's Handbook. New York: Industrial Press Inc. p. 501.